Cerebral Palsy and Splints

Cerebral palsy is Neurological condition that affect a child’s movement and coordination.
Neurological conditions affect the brain and nervous system.
Cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the brain, which normally occurs before, during or soon after birth. Known possible causes of cerebral palsy include:
• infection in early pregnancy
• a difficult or premature birth
• bleeding in the baby’s brain
• abnormal brain development in the baby

Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy

The symptoms of cerebral palsy vary greatly from child to child and depend on the type of cerebral palsy your child has . Some children have problems walking, while others are profoundly disabled and require lifelong care
Children with cerebral palsy often have other related conditions or problems, including:
• epilepsy
• learning difficulties
• incontinence
• visual impairment
• hearing impairment
• difficulties speaking or understanding other people speak
• delayed growth
• curved spine (scoliosis)
• drooling
How common is cerebral palsy?
It is estimated that 1 in every 400 children in the UK is affected by cerebral palsy. Approximately 1,800 babies are diagnosed with the condition each year.


Cerebral palsy is not a progressive condition. This means it will not get worse as your child gets older. However, it can put a great deal of strain on the body, which can cause problems in later life.
There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but a range of treatments can help relieve symptoms and increase a child’s sense of independence and self-esteem. These include physiotherapy, occupational therapy and medication to relieve muscle stiffness and spasms.

What are Casts and Splints?

Casts, splints, and orthoses are all devices that are designed to maintain the body in a certain position. These devices are used to prevent or correct deformities and/or to help children overcome activity limitations, such as difficulties with standing and walking.
Casts are made of plaster or fiberglass, the same materials used to cast broken bones. They may be solid or removable (that is, cut in half down the length of the cast to allow removal for periods of time). Casts are usually applied for periods between 2 and 6 weeks. Sometimes they are removed and reapplied to increase the stretching effect on the muscles when improvement has been observed. This is referred to as serial casting.

Laurens Night Splints

Laurens Night Splints

Splints are commonly made out of plastics that can be heated and moulded directly onto the body. They can be produced quickly; however, the plastic is not very strong. As such, splints are usually recommended only when the device is needed for a short time, or when there is not much force placed on the material.
How do Casts and Splints Work?
Standing With Splints

Standing With Splints

Casts and splints work by applying forces to the body. By encompassing parts of the body and preventing movement, muscles and joints can be stretched. Many muscles cross two joints (for example, the calf muscles cross both the ankle and knee). To exert a stretching effect, either both joints must be held by the device or activities that stretch the joint that is not in the device should be encouraged. Casts and splints can also provide stability to help some children stand and walk. This is the biomechanical explanation for why these devices work.

The forces that casts and splints usually apply are reactive (that is, they prevent movement by resisting the forces generated by the body). However, muscles lengthen more efficiently in response to active forces. New developments in orthotic design are using compressed gas pistons or coiled springs to generate active forces.

Epilepsy, Pregnancy and Pills Campaign


Epilepsy medications (AEDs) are not only used to treat Epilepsy but also used for a variety of different illness such as
1. Migraine
2. Pain Relief
3. Depression
4. Bipolar Disorder

With regards to treating the illness they can be very good, however fatal whilst taking these medications during pregnancy. These medications when taken during pregnancy can be harmful to the foetus as the medicine passes through the placenta. It is now a known fact that the medicines listed can affect the baby. Not all babies are affected by this and some babies are born healthy. It is dependant on dosage and also the womans metabolism


The medical diagnosis and umbrella name of when theses medications affects the baby is known as FACS (Fetal Anti Convulsant Syndrome)

Fetal Carbamazipine Syndrome – Carbamazipine was liscensed in 1965 and has been on the market for 48 years. It is estimated that around 15000 children are affected each year and estimates since it being on the market 60,000 children have been affected

Fetal Hydantoin Syndrome – Phenytoin was liscensed in 1938 with an approximation of 200 children are affected each year. since it being on the market estimations are predicted that around 8000 children have been affected,
Fetal Valproate Syndrome

Symptoms of FACS are : Sodium Valproate (Epilim) was introduced in 1973 and was predominantly prescribed for Epilepsy, however it is now used for different illnesses. Our campaign estimated along with MHRA (Medicines Healthcare Regulatory Agency) that an estimated 20,000 persons have been affected by Epilim with 500 babies born per year and is still ongoing. All these medications are still being prescribed on a daily regular basis and also for other things, however as our National Survey shows the knowledge and understanding of these drugs is not being told to the people that matter ….the patient.

Symptoms of FACS

• Premature Birth
• Small fingernail
• Spina Bifida / Cerebral Palsy
• Limb defects
• Joint Laxity
• Characteristical facial features
• Delay in reaching milestones
• Gross and fine motor skills
• Autistic Spectrum Disorders
• Speech and Language Delay
• Attention and memory difficulty
• Vision problems
• Incontinence
• Inguinal Hernia
• Hypospadias
• Bowel Problems


downloadEpilim – Sodium Valproate

Carbamazepine CR - Taj Pharmaceuticals Limited 0 (2)Tegratol – Carbamazipine

image_139_enEpinuitin – Phenytoin


Topiramate Tablet_ Taj Pharmaceuticals Limited 0Topiramate

NICE Guidelines 2012 : http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/TA076fullguidance.pdf

The older antiepileptic drugs have the potential to interact
with numerous drugs. Carbamazepine, phenytoin and
barbiturates induce hepatic enzymes. This means that they
can accelerate the metabolism of drugs that are metabolised
by these enzymes and higher doses will be needed or the
drugs will be less effective. For example, carbamazepine,
phenytoin and barbiturates reduce the effectiveness of oral
contraceptives, necessitating the use of alternative methods,
or special high-dose regimens of oral contraceptives, the
effectiveness of which is less certain. Sodium valproate is a
hepatic enzyme inhibitor and therefore slows the
metabolism of some drugs, but it does not interfere with oral
2.13 The effects of these drugs on the unborn child are also a
matter for concern. All the older antiepileptic drugs have
been associated with malformations (see Section 4.1.15).
Multiple drug therapy is associated with a greater risk,
although this may be related to the severity of the mother’s
epilepsy. The Summary of Product Characteristics for sodium
valproate (Epilim) recommends that women of childbearingpotential should not be started on sodium valproate without
specialist neurological advice, and that for partial seizures
sodium valproate should be used only in women found to be
resistant to other treatments.

Janet who I run the campaign with recently wrote a medical journal that was approved in Midwifery Digest. To read click on the link
Knowledge & Understanding of the dangers of AED’s in pregnancy J Williams


Wobble Wednesday

Wobbles Wednesday

Another week gone by, 21 days till my holiday.

I’m back at the gym and spinning and trying to go as and when I can. It’s hard fitting it in with the kids, family and more often than not I’m too tired to go in the evening, I just want to watch the soaps :) I’ve been having a lot of seizures lately, which Im not enjoying as they leave me exhausted. The thought of the gym with my body sore and aching from the seizures its so off putting, but I know realistically excercise is the only way to lose weight.

I’ve totally cut out bread, pasta etc as I was finding when I eat them I would get horrendous tummy ache and my stomach would swell up (as if it isn’t big enough) and just cutting them out alone, feels great. I’m conscious of what I eat all the time but I think it can get too much. So I’ve resigned to myself to the fact that after 5 kiddies my body is really not the same. I’m always going to have my muffin top, it’s part of me. I know I have lost inches as my clothes and coat are that little bit looser.
So onwards and upwards it’s about making the right food choices, and if I can fit in 3 sessions of exercise a week, I’m more than happy.

I found a great picture this week and it basically sums everything up for people on that dieting road. Have a great week everyone :)

Watch and Download Full Movie It (2017)

Watch and Download Full Movie It (2017)
  • It (2017)

  • Duration
    135 mins
    Adventure, Drama, Horror.
  • In Cinemas
    September 5, 2017
  • Country
    United States of America.
  • Watch and Download Movie It (2017)

Plot For It

‘It’ is a movie genre Adventure, was released in September 5, 2017. Andy Muschietti was directed this movie and starring by Jaeden Lieberher. This movie tell story about In a small town in Maine, seven children known as The Losers Club come face to face with life problems, bullies and a monster that takes the shape of a clown called Pennywise.


Andy Muschietti.


Roy Lee, Dan Lin, Seth Grahame-Smith, Barbara Muschietti, David Katzenberg.


Cary Fukunaga, Gary Dauberman, Chase Palmer.

Production Company

New Line Cinema, Vertigo Entertainment, Lin Pictures, RatPac-Dune Entertainment, KatzSmith Productions.

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